By Charlie Brown

Inheritance tax refers to the taxes that people are required to pay on property or money that they inherited after a loved one’s death. This form of state tax is paid upon receipt of property or money from a deceased person’s estate. The beneficiary is financially responsible for the tax rather than the estate. Inheritance tax is imposed in a number of regions and depending on the circumstances, a beneficiary may be exempt from payment.

Inheritance and Estate Taxes

The main difference between inheritance tax and estate tax is the entity that is obligated to pay it. Estate taxes are levied on the entire value of the deceased person’s property and money. This type of tax is paid from the deceased’s assets before distributions to beneficiaries are made. The value of assets must surpass certain thresholds before estate tax is due. A minimal percentage of taxpayers encounter estate tax due to the threshold.
Paying Inheritance Tax

After the executor of an estate divides up assets and distributes them to beneficiaries, inheritance tax arises. The amount of tax is calculated separately on an individual basis and each beneficiary is expected to pay the tax. The state requires taxpayers to report this type of information on inheritance tax forms. Since state laws are dynamic and may change, it is crucial to check with the tax agency if you receive an inheritance. Inheritance tax rates may be relatively low or high in terms of the percentage of the value of cash or property you inherit.

Exemptions and Relief

– Based on the relationship that you have with the deceased person, you may be eligible for a reduction or exemption of the inheritance tax amount that you must pay. There may be a provision for exempting spouses from taxes when they inherit another spouse’s property.
– Children as well as other dependants may also qualify for similar exemption, although only a specified portion of inherited property may meet the criteria in some cases. Higher tax rates are generally paid by people who do not have a familial relationship with the deceased person that they inherit property from.
– Depending on when the gift is given, there may be a lower inheritance tax charge. Other possibilities for exemptions and relief may facilitate the passing of some assets with reduced bills or free from inheritance tax.

Tax Rates

The percentage of standard inheritance tax is only charged on the portion of the estate that is above the specified threshold. Some gifts that are given while a person is alive may be taxed when they die.


Inheritance tax is applicable for the estate of a person who dies and this consists of money, possessions and property. Inheritance tax is not usually paid if the estate’s value is below the stipulated threshold or everything has been left to a civil partner or spouse or charity.

The threshold normally increases when property is given away to children or grandchildren. If you have a civil partnership or are married and the estate has a value that is lower than the threshold, unused threshold may be added to a partner’s threshold after death.

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