By Charlie Brown

If you’re planning to travel to Canada, it is important that you understand what an Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) is, who needs it, and when it is required. An ETA is required by foreigners from visa-exempt countries who wish to travel to or through Canada by air. The purpose of an ETA is to improve the ease with which these people travel to Canada.

Pending applications

In a case where you are yet to receive a response after submitting your ETA application documents, you’re not yet allowed to travel to Canada. In order to for you to be able to travel to Canada, the process must be finalized.

It is therefore important that you only start making travel arrangements after your application has been approved. However, if you had already made arrangements, make sure you reschedule the flight in order to save time as well as money.

Rejected applications

Also important to mention is that in the event that your ETA application is not approved, you will be unable to travel to Canada. Choosing to travel to Canada even after refusal of your application will unfortunately result in you being stopped at the airport and not being allowed to board the flight.

The best course of action would be to read and understand the reasons for which your ETA Canada application was rejected. Address the reasons as much as possible and then reapply for the ETA.

Transiting through Canada

You might be wondering whether you’re still required to use an ETA in the case where you are
traveling by air through Canada with another country being your destination. The answer is yes.
You will need an ETA to transit through Canada. The time you spend in the country notwithstanding, you will need an ETA if you’re from a visa-exempt country.

It is required whether Canada is your destination or a transit point. However, note that you will not need an ETA if your plane is refueling in Canada and you’re traveling to or from the US. You also don’t require an ETA or a visa if you’re a passenger who is part of the Transit Without Visa Program or China Transit Program.

Technical issues on the site

By Charlie Brown

First things first, what is a PABX? It is basically an acronym that stands for Private Automatic Branch Exchange. In layman’s language, a PABX is just a telephone system or a switchboard whose units are used as internal telephone systems in different organizations.

Unlike the older systems that were made up of fixed telephone lines, the PABX system now interconnects with not just telephone lines but also with the internet. This has been made possible after the arrival of VolP (or Voice over Internet Protocol).

Digging deeper, modern PABX phone systems are customarily hybrid in nature, incorporating both old telephone networks and packed switched networks. It is the use of these packed switched networks that enables cheaper and easier connections to reach the entire world. Therefore, if you have a company that has offices around the world, it will be ultimately easier for you to if you enlist the services of a PABX service provider.

Essentially, it is a switching phone system that links a company’s telephone extensions with each other. The switching system also interconnects the same phone extensions with the outside telephone network. The system made up of incredibly complex machines that can be used not only as telephones but also as modems, fax machines, and internal communication devices. Therefore, any modern office could make good use of this hybrid innovation.

The Benefits of PABX System

– It is perfect for businesses –The PABX systems can be used in offices and/or businesses as auto attendants. Basically, the system handles the office calls to the extent that it picks up if there is no one in the office to answer the call. For this reason, the PABX system is highly beneficial, especially in large businesses that get lots of calls.

In an office or business setting, the PABX system is also used to conduct conference calls. Therefore, if you are overly busy and have no time to handle face-to- face meetings, the PABX system will be incredibly useful. If you have international clients that you can only meet telephonically, then this system will also benefit you.

– It works as a central control station – Just like a modem, whenever a new call comes in, the PABX system routes the call through the control station. As long as the PABX system is assigned with a special code for every phone number, the calls will be directed to their precise recipients.  (more…)

By Charlie Brown

Precious metals are some of the most reliable investment options today. There are various types of these metals available. One of the most popular ones is silver. It has great potential for increase in value. Silver is guaranteed to perform just as well as gold as an investment choice. There are sources on various websites as well as YouTube which point to this fact. There are many places where you can purchase silver as a precious metal for investment purposes. One of these is Durham Precious Metals. Read on to learn more.

About Durham Precious Metals

Located in Ontario, Canada, this is a precious metals dealer who can sell or buy silver from you. At the store, there are specialists in the field of precious metals who can make these transactions with you. Currently, they believe that silver is a great investment option. One of the reasons for this is because it has a lower cost per ounce than gold. Moreover, the specialists at Durham Precious Metals have found that 90% of their business involves the purchase or sale of silver. Interestingly, the forms of silver arranged in popularity are as follows:

1. 10-oz bars
2. Generic rounds
3. Silver Maples
4. 1-oz bars

To get the highest return on investment (ROI), Durham Precious Metals advises that investors purchase 10-oz bars and 1-oz rounds of online silver. They have a good value over premium today. However, in silver investment, any choice is currently a good choice due to the projected growth of the precious metal.

Value of silver as a currency

For centuries, silver has always been used as money. Some people believe that it has been demonetized. However, in Canada, the silver 999 bullion is regarded as a financial instrument by the Rev Can. This certifies it as a currency usable in that nation and beyond.

Value of silver as a metal

Silver also has great value as a metal. It is quite versatile in nature. (more…)

By Charlie Brown

Living off campus in Columbus is a good idea, especially if you are looking for a unique college experience. Life off campus is different and does come with a host of additional benefits that make your college period experience much better. This is a perfect option, especially if you are looking to sample what this city has to offer visitors. It can also help you transition to being a permanent resident of the area.

With off campus living, you have fewer distractions after school. Campus life is filled with many activities and these can distract you from serious studies. When you live off campus, you are more selective of the activities you partake in, leaving you to focus on your after studies better.

Living off campus also prepares you for independent living. You get to have a better interaction with other people beyond fellow students. If you need to work as you study, you have a chance to balance these two aspects of your life. You will be in better control of your time with minimal restrictions.

Off-campus living is even made better in Columbus. You are sure to get fitting accommodation in different parts of this city. When picking the best fit accommodation, you need to consider the property that meets your needs perfectly. You should be happy with your choice at the end of the day and feel encouraged to stay on until you graduate.


Location is an important consideration when choosing off-campus accommodation. You should pick a property that is close to the university. This makes it convenient choice as you will always be in time for your classes. (more…)